e-Health Conference 2007 in Berlin vom 17.-19. April 2007

Die eHealth Conference 2007 findet als Teil der eHealth week Berlin 2007 vom 17. bis 19. April in der Messe Berlin statt. Diese High Level Konferenz wird gemeinsam von der Europäischen Kommission, dem Bundesministerium für Gesundheit, dem Land Berlin und der Gesellschaft für Versicherungswissenschaft und -gestaltung e.V. getragen. Sie steht unter dem Motto „From Strategies to Applications“ und bildet ein Forum vor allem für Telematikverantwortliche bei Regierungen, Krankenversicherungen, Leistungserbringern und Anwenderorganisationen im In- und Ausland.

Am 18. April fand eine Vortragsreihe unter dem Titel HealthGRID / SHARE: Grids for Health – International Interoperability statt, organisiert von der Universität Göttingen und den Organisationen HealthGrid, (EU) und MediGRID. Sitzungsleiter Yannick Legre (Pont-de-Chevau) und Ulrich Sax (Göttingen). Alle Vorträge waren auf Englisch.

EU-HealthGrid Initiative – Current International State of the Art
Yannick Legre, Pont-du-Chateau

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Scope of Technology
Otto Rienhoff, Göttingen

Legal and Ethical Results from the EU-Share Project
Celine van Doosslaere; Karl Stroetmann, Bonn; Petra Wilson, Bruxelles

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Addressing the Ethical, Legal, and Socio-Economic (ELSE) aspects proves to be critical for HealthGrids to enter day-to-day working practices in the health sector, thus bridging the gap between, and improving effectiveness of both medical research and practice. The storage and processing of personal data spread on a grid network raises issues such as privacy, autonomy, control, data protection, and liability that become significant barriers; just as the lack of (knowledge about) private incentives and the need for a cultural change towards collaborative working, with the associated change management and training requirements. The roadmap for a European Healthgrid, in development by the SHARE project, will include milestones for addressing the ELSE aspects.

Usability of Solutions from caBIGProject in MediGRID
Th. Steinke; Ulrich Sax, Berlin

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Interoperability of Grid-Middlewares
A. Weisbecker, Stuttgart

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Integrating Portals for Colaboratories and Grid-Services
Y. Mohammed; S. Rey, Göttingen

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The sustainability of the infrastructure depends on how it becomes a normal element of the scientific process – including its financing as part of a scientist’s workbench, which can be easily configured to the needs of the scientist. The results should be also distributed through a suitable platform to other research networks. This objective could be achieved by the integration of several portals of different research networks and the interfacing between these portals to maximize the usability, minimize the cost, and save implementation time and efforts. Our analysis shows that a three-step procedure should be performed:

  • Firstly: proving and interfacing the security policies and technologies between the different project/research networks.

  • Secondly: harmonizing the different portals-access methods in order to have one GUI.

  • Thirdly: integrating all needed applications and services as portlets in the suitable portal, where the needed resources can be accessed.

By building such an interfacing the different medical research groups could work together easier and could use the advantages of the available IT-infrastructure more efficiently.

Ontological Application at mediGRID
M. Hartung, E. Rahm Leipzig

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Many advanced grid applications, especially in the biomedical domain (e.g. the MediGRID project), need access to complex ontologies representing knowledge about a certain domain. To deal with the high heterogeneity of available ontologies, we present a general service-oriented middleware for making ontologies accessible to grid applications. Biomedical applications in the MediGRID portal use the proposed system to interlink their data with knowledge information of available ontologies like GeneOntology, NCI Thesaurus, SequenceOntology and several OBO ontologies.

Importance of terminology and communication standards for HealthGrids and care
Sebastian C. Semler, Berlin

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For Data Grid applications in patient care and medical research usage of international standardized ontologies, terminologies and nomenclatures is essential. The problem of establish data repositories using standardized terminologies could not be solved by the Grid projects. A lot of work and investment to establish the use of standardized terminologies throughout the life science field has to be done on different levels. Existing standards and initiatives must be accounted for.

Cost Analysis of the mediGrid Gridinfrastructure
St. Scholz, O. Rienhoff

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Among other aspects, sustainable grid infrastructures are based on a comprehensive understanding of its future cost. Therefore, a transparent and plausible costing of all participants is necessary. In addition, hence cost rises while grid-usage increases, a feasible estimate of the grids capacity utilization is strongly needed.

Business Model’s Analysis
A. Dobrev, Bonn

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The economic case, which includes non-financial aspects and all stakeholders, for inter-organisational HealthGrids is demonstrated, yet the business case, which focuses on financial impact to selected stakeholders, is still to be developed and proven. Currently, running HealthGrid initiatives are mainly based on R&D project funding and focus on computing grids. Meeting the technical and organisational requirements towards the next steps - routine operation data and knowledge grids - can be helped by presenting the economic case to policy makers, yet a real driver will be only a sound business case.

Commonalities of Engineering Sciences and Medical Applications
M. Assel, S. Roller, Stuttgart

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Engineering and Healthcare: Two different research fields with lots of commonalities, particularly on strong and sophisticated security mechanisms, regarding Grid-Computing.

Speakers Round Table:
Expected Time Frame to Real World Applications in Research

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Research Projects in Biomedicine
Th. Lingner, Göttingen

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AUGUSTUS is a gene prediction software and a prototypical bioinformatics application. It is easily parallelizable and profits from a grid environment in many ways. AUGUSTUS is integrated in the MediGRID port as a pilot application, representing similar projects from biomedical computer science.

Research Projects in Image Analysis
D. Krefting, Berlin

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Medical image processing benefit highly from grid computing. Complex workflows for medical research can be successfully implemented. Due to high security demands, further developments and extensions of existing middleware are required for clinical applications.

Research Projects in Clinical Medicine
Th. Penzel, Berlin; F. Viezens, Göttingen

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For clinical studies, few applications are suitable for GRID computing. Beside medical image processing, biological signal analysis of extensive time series (long-term recordings, more than 8 hours) are the main target. Such recordings can consist of different signals such as brain waves, eye movements, muscle tone, respiration, electrocardiogram, blood oxygen saturation and others. Pattern recognition, correlation analysis and derivation of characteristics for disorders and for patients (also genetic components) need extensive computing. Also data are distributed at many different university hospitals. The scenario taken is sleep recordings with 320 sleep centers in Germany. Data Protection and Data Security are special issues in clinical research projects and must be considered. Implementation of Enhanced Security is compellingly necessarily. Patients use PHR also in the background of used Grid technology, which is safe, through access control steered in document level.

Relevance for Pharma Research
Martin Hofmann, Bonn

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The pharmaceutical industry if a data and knowledge - driven industry. The number of high performance computing applications in pharma is rather limited (when compared to engineering simulation applications in e.g. automotive industry). Thus, Grid - enable solutions for the pharmaceutical industry do not necessarily have to deal with number crunching, although the most prominent application of grid technology in pharma is still the structure-based virtual screening application as published by Novartis or as done in the course of the WISDOM project. However, complex information extraction processing workflows ("text mining") in scientific literature including patents seem to open a new field for grid-enabled problem solving in pharma. The PharmaGRID project aims at making the unstructured information management architecture (UIMA) framework, a service-oriented architecture for text analysis services, available as a complex workflow execution environment for text analysis under UNICORE.